This involves the growth and development of the whole body! How your child uses their fingers, moves their arms and legs, turns their head and torso are all part of physical development. Moving in different ways requires balance, strength and control. Physical development is often broken into Gross and Fine motor development. Gross motor development involves the larger muscles of the body, such as those used for walking. Fine motor development is concerned with smaller, more precise muscle groups and can be observed when a child is picking up a Cheerio with two fingers or placing a piece into a puzzle. Vision and hearing are also part of physical development.
This is the area of development concerned with thinking and learning. This involves attention and memory skills, as well as language skills.
This domain of development encompasses an array of behaviors a child acquires during the developmental process in order to function independently. An example of a very early adaptive skill is when a baby holds or supports a bottle to feed him or herself. Self-feeding, helping with dressing & undressing, and using utensils are just a few examples of adaptive development.
Communication isn’t just about talking! Even newborn babies communicate! Expressive communication involves gestures, such as pointing and looking, as well as speech-sound development. Receptive communication is how a child understands what is said and can be observed when a child follows a simple direction or points to a picture that is named.
This area involves a child’s ability to form attachments to their caregivers and other significant people in their lives. Social development also includes learning to play with others, sharing, and being able to create lasting relationships with others. Development of self-awareness, self-confidence, and coping with feelings are all necessary for healthy emotional development.